The Importance of Plant Botanic Conservation
No doubt, plants are the backbone of life and that explains why conservation is important. Today, plants and forests are under threat across the globe as people need more land for commercial use. Almost 100,000 species of plants are under the threat of extinction. The loss of different plant species is a disruption of the entire ecosystem as there are animals that depend on plants as a source of food and shelter. It, therefore, means that anything that threatens the existence of different plant species should be considered a global threat. Several plant conservation agencies have been established a huge sum of money invested every year to conserve plants. Besides, different laws and policies are in place that helps in plant botanic conservation. Read on to learn why plants species should be protected from extinction.
Plants natural processes such as photosynthesis help in cleaning of air as they take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Humans need oxygen for the proper functioning of different organs and that explains why plant conservation is important. Protecting plants will ensure that the composition of oxygen in the air remains at life-sustaining levels, 21%. Also, plants are considered as primary consumers in the food chain. Hence, to ensure an ecosystem balance with all the players, plants should retain their position in the food chain. Human need plants are food source hence plant conservation should be taken seriously.
Soil erosion can compromise the fertility of the soil and that why mitigation measures should be put in place. Plants are helpful when it comes to preventing soil erosion. Plant conservation is encouraged as a way of avoiding some of the effects of soil erosion such as loss of fertility. The other reason to conserve plants is that they are raw materials to many industries such as food and clothing. Pharmaceutical companies rely on different species of plants to manufacture drugs. Therefore, for drug research to continue, plant conservations should be prioritized.
Plant diversity is under threat as many plant species are being over-exploited. Today, the rate of logging has reached unsustainable levels putting timber plants under threat of extinction. Forest fires are on the rise and this is contributed by climate change. Humans have the responsibility to conserve plants by implementing different policies and laws. The most important approach for protecting different plant species is setting up plant botanic gardens. For a sustainable ecosystem, plant conservation should be given priority to ensure that no plant species does not become extinct.